The generations-old practice of companion planting requires positioning crops in a backyard to ensure they improve development and gain each other to to manage pests. Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC) gain from companion planting when positioned near several kinds of veggies, herbs and flowers. The vegetable is a cole crop, which refers to plants that fit in with the mustard (Cruciferae) family. It grows nicely in all Sunset Climate Zones.
Benefits of Companion Crops
Brussels sprouts are attacked by dozens of pests. These threats include cabbage loopers, as well as species of thrips, beetles, aphids and caterpillars, leafminers bugs, beet armyworms and cutworms. The bugs attack the portions of stem, the leaves and the plant. Companion crops attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and parasitic wasps that prey on pests and defend against these threats with powerful odors.
Brussels Sprouts Companions
Plants that attract bugs helpful to Brussels sprouts contain basil and nasturtium. Nasturtium repels some species of aphids, whiteflies and bugs. Basil repels mosquitoes and flies and attracts bees. Garlic is mentioned to be efficient against aphids, Japanese beetles and blight. As does mint it enhances the development of the plant. Vibrant flowers that repel a variety of pests are provided by marigolds. Insects don’t like the fragrance of the blossoms and leaves, and roots that are marigold to produce compound that wards off nematodes. Mustard functions as a trap crop for a number of insects. When the mustard is attacked by the bugs, remove the plant from your garden.
Some plants supply the reverse result of companion crops. They are able to cause more damage, though they could provide advantages to some crops. These dangerous crops may affect the taste of veggies and hinder development. Plants which should be stored away from Brussels sprouts contain strawberries and pole beans.
When to Plant
When planted from February to May Brussels sprouts fare best. For best results, transplants or plant seeds 6 to 8″ deep in elevated beds, with 36-inches between rows and 24-inches between plants. Brussels sprouts prosper in full sunlight. Plants mature after planting. Harvest sprouts as they mature to avoid other problems that decrease the edibility of the vegetable and split up heads.